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2021年考研英语二阅览了解B解析(西安新东方)

时间:2021-01-14 12:53:09  作者:acad2018
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三、阅览了解 B 有些:

A.Stay calm

B.Stay humble

C. Don’t make judgments

D. Be realistic about the risks

E. Decide whether to wait

F. Ask permission to disagree

G. Identify a shared goal

How to Disagree with Someone More Powerful than You

Your boss proposes a new initiative you think won’t work. Your seniorcolleague outlines a project timeline you believe is unrealistic. What do yousay when you disagree with someone who has more power than you do? How do youdecide whether it’s worth speaking up? And if you do, what exactly should yousay? Here’s how to disagree with someone more powerful than you.

41.

You may decide it’s best to hold off on voicing your opinion. Maybe youhaven’t finished thinking the problem through, the whole discussion was asurprise to you, or you want to get a clearer sense of what the group thinks. Ifyou think other people are going to disagree too, you might want to gather yourarmy first. People can contribute experience or information to your think—allthe things that would make the disagreement stronger or more valid. It’s also agood idea to delay the conversation if you’re in a meeting or other publicspace. Discussing the issue in private will make the powerful person feel lessthreatened.

42.

Before you share your thoughts, think about what the powerful person caresabout— it may be the credibility of their team on getting a project done ontime. You’re more likely to be heard if you can connect your disagreement to a“higher purpose”. State it overtly, contextualizing your statements so thatyou’re seen not as a disagreeable subordinate but as a colleague who’s trying toadvance a common object.. The discussion will then become more like a chess gamethan a boxing match.

43.

This step may sound overly deferential, but it’s a smart way to give thepowerful person psychological safety and control. You can say something like, “Iknow we seem to be moving toward a first-quarter commitment here. I have reasonsto think that won’t work. I’d like to lay out my reasoning. Would that be OK?”This gives the person a choice, allowing them to verbally opt in. And, assuminghe says yes, it will make you feel more confident about voicing yourdisagreement.

44.

You might feel your heart racing or your face turning red, but do whateveryou can to remain neutral in both your words and actions. When your bodylanguage communicates reluctance or anxiety, it undercuts the message. It sendsa mixed message, and your counterpart gets to choose what signals to read. Deepbreaths can help, as can speaking more slowly and deliberately. When we feelpanicky, we tend to talk louder and faster. Simply slowing the pace and talkingin an even tone helps the other person calm down and does the same for you. Italso makes you seem confident, even if you aren’t.

45.

Emphasize that you’re offering your opinion, not gospel truth. It may be awell-informed, well-researched opinion, but it’s still an opinion, so talktentatively and slightly understate your confidence. Instead of saying somethinglike “If we set an end-of-quarter deadline, we’ll never make it,” say, “This isjust my opinion, but I don’t see how we will make that deadline.” Havingasserted your option(as a position,not as a fact), demonstrate equal curiosityabout other views. Remind the person that this is your point of view, and theninvite critique. Be open to hearing other opinions.

【正确答案】41. E42. G43. F44. A45. B

【解析】

41.答案【E】,本段首句方位“你可以会抉择最佳仍是不要说出你的定见。” 接下来的二、三句都触及了一个条件条件,用来阐明主题句。随后又呈现了goodidea to delay the conversation与首句标明意义共同。根据标题中的要害词,可以断定E选项“抉择是不是等候”的标题匹配期间粗心。期间中呈现了disagree可以会对考生构成F选项 Askpermission to disagree的误导,但这儿disagree呈现的语句中没有呈现恳求答应的信息,故可以打扫。

42.答案【G】,本段首句方位称“在你共享主意之前,先想想有权力的人是怎么想的”为期间主题句,本段第四句中but转机之后为语义要点句,呈现和所给标题的同词复现sharedgoal,和首句内容进行了照顾。其他的标题选项中要害内容都没有触及,因而正确答案为G,“断定一起的方针”。

43.答案【F】,考生关于期间首句中的deferential(恭顺的)这个单词不了解,可以经过首句转机后的内容,“这是让有权力的人感到平安感和掌控感的聪明方法”,接下来的引号有些是在具体说明这个聪明方法,最终一句This指代上文内容,allowing them 和 ask permission归于同义改写。继而可以断定F标题为正确答案。

44.答案【A】,期间首句转机后呈现语义要点亦是本段的主题句” but do whatever you can to remain neutralin both your words and actions.” remainneutral坚持中立,考生假定对neutral单词不了解,也可以经过下文中呈现的anxiety, deep breaths can help,panicky, calm down 等词估测期间中心是和平稳心境有联络,标题A与remain neutral和calmdown都构成了替换联络因而为正确答案。

45.答案【B】,期间首句,第二句,第三句都呈现了opinion, 期间最终一句point of view 也是opinion考生可以经过根据要害词的润饰有些估测标题。 Your/myopinion呈现的方位都在转机语义之前,阐明期间偏重的并不是表达自个观念本身这件事,而大约是期间最终一句be open to hearing otheropinions,谦善听取别人的定见。故标题B Stay humble 坚持谦善为正确选项。